FREE Basic Hungarian HELP

Hungarian Grammar - Common Locative Cases

In Hungarian there are certain locative (location) cases that are suffixed to (added to the end of) a word to express motion, direction or place; and can be classed as motion away, motion towards and motionless, split into interior, exterior and nearby. These basically match the English prepositions IN, INTO, ON, ONTO, OFF, OUT OF and FROM. Suffixes such as Ban/Ben, Ra/Re and Ról/Ről are paired into their vowel harmony (back/front vowel) order.

As this grammar category and the sections within it are meant for someone who did not learn about grammar at school, or has forgotten most of it!, I have not gone into any grammar details below. The examples below are more for those who just need to remember what each suffix means and when to use them.

RA / RE - ONTO / TO / TOWARDS / GOING TO

Az AsztalRA Tettem - I Put It ONTO The Table

BudapestRE Megyek - I Am Going TO/TOWARDS Budapest


RÓL / RŐL - OFF / FROM / ABOUT / COMING FROM

Elvettem Az AsztalRÓL - I Took It OFF/FROM The Table

Elvettem Az ÉjjeliszekrényRŐL - I Took It OFF/FROM The Bedside Table

BudapestRŐL Jövök - I Am Coming FROM Budapest

Van Egy Térképed BudapestRŐL - Do You Have A Map ABOUT Budapest


BA / BE - INTO / GOING TO

Betettem A FiókBA - I Put It INTO The Draw

Betettem A SzekrényBE - I Put It INTO The Wardrobe


BÓL / BŐL - OUT OF / OUT FROM / COMING FROM

Kivettem A FiókBÓL - I Took It OUT OF The Draw

LondonBÓL Jöttem - I Came OUT FROM London (Born From / Travelled From)

Kivettem A SzekrényBŐL - I Took It OUT OF The Wardrobe


ON / EN - ON / IN

Az AsztalON Van - It Is ON The Table

BudapestEN Vagyok - I Am IN/INSIDE Budapest

BAN / BEN - IN / INSIDE

BAN and BEN are used when mentioning static/motionless things. The things below are all static/motionless (their object/person/place does not move).

A Fiú Az IskoláBAN - The Boy Is INSIDE The School

Az Autó A GarázsBAN - The Car Is IN The Garage

A Kutya A HázBAN - The Dog Is IN/INSIDE The House

LondonBAN Élek - I Live IN London

A FiókBAN Van - It Is IN/INSIDE The Drawer

A SütőBEN Van - It Is IN/INSIDE The Oven

Although a drawer is a movable object, in the above context the item in question is in a motionless drawer (the drawer is not moving when you say "It is in the drawer", even though the drawer could be moving at the time!). The same applies to the boy, car and dog. They are motionless things when they are in their respective buildings.


HOZ / HEZ / HŐZ - INTO / GOING TO

Elment A FodrászHOZ - She/He Went INTO The Hairdresser

Elment A HentesHEZ - She/He Went INTO The Butcher

Elment A KönyvelőHŐZ - She/He Went INTO The Accountant


NÁL / NÉL - AT

Józsi FodrászNÁL Van - Józsi Is AT The Hairdresser

Józsi HentesNÉL Van - Józsi Is AT The Butcher

Józsi KönyvelőNÉL Van - Józsi Is AT The Accountant


TÓL / TŐL - COME FROM

Most Jöttem A FodrászTÓL - I've Just COME FROM The Hairdresser

Most Jöttem A HentesTŐL - I've Just COME FROM The Butcher

Most Jöttem A KönyvelőTŐL - I've Just COME FROM The Accountant


Indefinite/Definite
The Three Tenses
Index
BASIC HUNGARIAN
info@basichungarian.com