In Hungarian there are certain locative (location) cases that are suffixed to (added to the end of) a word to express motion, direction or place; and can be classed as motion away, motion towards and motionless, split into interior, exterior and nearby. These basically match the English prepositions IN, INTO, ON, ONTO, OFF, OUT OF and FROM. Suffixes such as Ban/Ben, Ra/Re and Ról/Ről are paired into their vowel harmony (back/front vowel) order.
As this grammar category and the sections within it are meant for someone who did not learn about grammar at school, or has forgotten most of it!, I have not gone into any grammar details below. The examples below are more for those who just need to remember what each suffix means and when to use them.
Az AsztalRA Tettem - I Put It ONTO The Table
BudapestRE Megyek - I Am Going TO/TOWARDS Budapest
Elvettem Az AsztalRÓL - I Took It OFF/FROM The Table
Elvettem Az ÉjjeliszekrényRŐL - I Took It OFF/FROM The Bedside Table
BudapestRŐL Jövök - I Am Coming FROM Budapest
Van Egy Térképed BudapestRŐL - Do You Have A Map ABOUT Budapest
Betettem A FiókBA - I Put It INTO The Draw
Betettem A SzekrényBE - I Put It INTO The Wardrobe
Kivettem A FiókBÓL - I Took It OUT OF The Draw
LondonBÓL Jöttem - I Came OUT FROM London (Born From / Travelled From)
Kivettem A SzekrényBŐL - I Took It OUT OF The Wardrobe
Az AsztalON Van - It Is ON The Table
BudapestEN Vagyok - I Am IN/INSIDE Budapest
BAN and BEN are used when mentioning static/motionless things. The things below are all static/motionless (their object/person/place does not move).
A Fiú Az IskoláBAN - The Boy Is INSIDE The School
Az Autó A GarázsBAN - The Car Is IN The Garage
A Kutya A HázBAN - The Dog Is IN/INSIDE The House
LondonBAN Élek - I Live IN London
A FiókBAN Van - It Is IN/INSIDE The Drawer
A SütőBEN Van - It Is IN/INSIDE The Oven
Although a drawer is a movable object, in the above context the item in question is in a motionless drawer (the drawer is not moving when you say "It is in the drawer", even though the drawer could be moving at the time!). The same applies to the boy, car and dog. They are motionless things when they are in their respective buildings.
Elment A FodrászHOZ - She/He Went INTO The Hairdresser
Elment A HentesHEZ - She/He Went INTO The Butcher
Elment A KönyvelőHŐZ - She/He Went INTO The Accountant
Józsi FodrászNÁL Van - Józsi Is AT The Hairdresser
Józsi HentesNÉL Van - Józsi Is AT The Butcher
Józsi KönyvelőNÉL Van - Józsi Is AT The Accountant
Most Jöttem A FodrászTÓL - I've Just COME FROM The Hairdresser
Most Jöttem A HentesTŐL - I've Just COME FROM The Butcher
Most Jöttem A KönyvelőTŐL - I've Just COME FROM The Accountant