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Everyday - Common - Basic Hungarian Verbs - Verb Usage

Below you will find a list of Basic Hungarian verbs (action words) together with examples. I have not gone into the grammar side, even though I have put notes against certain verbs, as this section is more about the verb list and actual usage of those verbs.

Although I have shown the Fogok form of a verb sentence (i.e. I Will Go For A Swim - Fogok Úszni or Úszni Fogok), the Fogok form is not normally used. The Megy form is normally used instead (i.e. I Am Going Swimming - Úszni Megyek or Megyek Úszni).

Megyek versus FOGOK

The main difference between Fogok and Megyek is that Megyek means you are going from A to B whereas Fogok means you are already inside B. Example: When asked what are you doing (from inside the bedroom for example) you could say: I Am Going Into The Kitchen To Cook (Megyek Főzni) versus I Will Cook (Főzni Fogok - I am already inside the kitchen).

With the above said: If you were being asked "What are you doing later?", from within the bedroom for example, you could reply with Főzni Fogok simply because you would be using the actual future tense form of Fogok. In other words, it depends on the context for which you are using Fogok. As said, many Hungarians use the Megyek form.

Hungarian - VERB LIST
Verbs Meanings Hungarian Examples English Translations
Adni To Give Tudnál Adni Ötszáz Forintot? Can You Give Me 500 Forints?
Adni To Give Fogok Adni Ötszáz Forintot I Will Give You 500 Forints
Áll Stand Álljon Oda (Formal) Stand Over There
Aludni To Sleep Lefekszem Aludni I Am Going To Sleep
Beszél To Speak/Talk Beszelni Akarok Veled, Kesöbb I Want To Speak/Talk To You, Later
Biciklizni To Cycle Szeretek Biciklizni I Like Cycling
Dolgozni To Work Én Megyek Dolgozni I Am Going To Work
Énekelni To Sing Mit Szeretnél Énekelni? What Would You Like To Sing?
Énekelni To Sing Mit Akarsz Énekelni? What Do You Want To Sing?
Enni To Eat Mit Szeretnél Enni? What Would You Like To Eat?
Enni To Eat Mit Akarsz Enni? What Do You Want To Eat?
Ért Understand Értem I Understand
Fizetni Pay Mennyit Fogsz Fizetni How Much Are You Going To Pay
Fizet Pay Öt Fontot Fizetek Havonta I Pay £5 A Month
Főzöl To Cook Mit Főzöl? What Are You Cooking?
Főzöl To Cook Mit Fog Főzni? What Are You Going To Cook?
Futni To Run Szeretek Futni I Like To Run
Futni To Run Én Megyek Futni I Am Going For A Run
Inni To Drink Mit Szeretne Inni? What Would You Like To Drink?
Inni To Drink Mit Iszol? (Irregular Verb) What Are You Drinking?
Írni To Write Szeretek Írni I Like To Write
Játszani To Play Mit Szeretnél Játszani? What Would You Like To Play?
Játszani To Play Mit Akarsz Játszani? What Do You Want To Play?
Keres To Look/Search For Mit Keresel? What Are You Looking For?
Látni To See Nem Látok A Kutyákat I Do Not See The Dogs
Megy To Go Budapestre Megyek I Am Going To Budapest
Megy To Go Megyek A Konyhába I Am Going To The Kitchen
Menni To Go Hová Akar Menni? (Irregular Verb) Where Do You Want To Go?
Menni To Go Hová Mennek? (Irregular Verb) Where Are They Going?
Mosni To Wash Meg Kell Mosni A Szőnyeget I Need To Wash The Carpet
Olvasni To Read Szeretek Olvasni I Like To Read
Sétálni To Walk Szeretek Sétálni I Like To Walk
Találni To Find Probálok Találni Egy Angol Könyvet I Am Trying To Find An English Book
Teniszezni To Play Tennis Én Megyek Teniszezni / Fogok Teniszezni I Am Going To Play Tennis
Ugrani To Jump Akarok Ugrani I Want To Jump
Ugrani To Jump Szeretnék Ugrani I Would Like To Jump
Ül Sit Ülj At Oda (Formal) Sit There
Úszni To Swim Tudok Úszni I Know How To Swim
Úszni To Swim A Hal Szeret Úszni (Singular) The Fish (One Fish) Likes To Swim
Úszni To Swim A Halak Szeretnek Úszni (Plural) The Fish (Many Fish) Like To Swim
Várni To Wait Várni Fogok Az Autoban I Will Wait In The Car
Vár Wait Vársz Egy Kicsit / Várjál Egy Kicsit You Wait A Minute / Wait A Bit (Slang)
Vár Wait Mire Vársz? What are you waiting for?
Vár Wait Kire Vársz? Who are you waiting for?
Vásárolni To Shop Vásárolni Megyek / Megyek Vásárolni I Am Going Shopping (Now / Soon)
Vásárolni To Shop Vásárolni Fogok I Am Going Shopping (Later)
Venni Buy Meg Fogom Venni I Will Buy It

NI Suffix

Although you see NI suffixed to a verb most of the time, that does not mean every verb is automatically suffixed with NI. You need to look at (recognise) the route word first, such as Áll (Stand), Vár (Wait) and Lát (See). The NI just means TO (to do some action). In general, the root word is the third-person singular.

J Suffix

When asking someone to do something, such as Sit There, you need to add a J to the end of the root word (verb). So SIT THERE (informal) is Ülj (Sit) At Oda. If you want a formal, but easier pronunciation, you can use Üljön Oda. Either way, you need the J.

IK Verbs

IK verbs differ from NI verbs in that they usually state what someone is currently doing (i.e. swimming or playing) or what they do in general (i.e. they work, swim, run and/or play tennis), as opposed to what they will be doing.

Take Játszani as the example. Mit Szeretnél Játszani? What Would You Like TO PLAY? (Future Tense) versus Én Játszik. I AM PLAYING (Present Tense). Other examples: Tom Alszik (Tom Is Sleeping / Tom Is Asleep), Én Reggelizik (I Eat Breakfast) and Én Tornázik (I Excercise / I Work Out). You may of noticed these three particular verbs ended in ZIK, but that was purely coincidental because of the spelling of their root words. As with all Hungarian grammar and suffixes, you will find plenty of IK verbs to learn!


The Three Tenses
Remember Grammar Rules
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BASIC HUNGARIAN
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